The Benefits of the Alert "Brain Training"
With Cranial Electrical Stimulation (CES)
When Treating ADD & ADHD

by Dave Siever

I decided to investigate the research on Cranial Electrical Stimulation (CES) as it relates to ADD & ADHD. I was impressed enough to take action. We decided to make the ALERT-Pro, an ALERT "brain training" system with CES added. Here is the research that we used in deciding to add CES to the ALERT.
Introduction
Children with ADD/ADHD and behavioural disorders (BD) often struggle with compounded issues such as insomnia, depression, anxiety, poor cognition (mental performance) and a tendency to experiment with drugs. There are several studies using CES to help with these concerns, as shown in Table 1. Parents and clinicians using the ALERT are experiencing very positive results and those that have used AVE with CES say that effects are enhanced when using both together.


Table 1. Compilation of Studies Using CES. (Ray Smith, 2008)
Syndrome Studied
# of Studies
# of Subjects
Avg. Improvement
Insomnia
18
648
67%
Depression
18
853
47%
Anxiety
38
1495
58%
Cognitive Dysfunction
13
648
44%
Drug Abstinence
15
535
60%

A study by Ray Smith (1992), of 23 ADD children using CES for 45 minutes per day for three weeks showed profound effects in reducing state anxiety (anxiety in the moment) and trait anxiety (overall anxiety) and depression (Figure 1). A follow-up after 18 months showed that the effects were still holding quite well. Ray also measured IQ and found significant improvements (Figure 2), which also held over 18 months.
Figure 1. Improvements in Stress Measures Following Treatment with CES
Ray Smith - Anx & Depress
Figure 2. Imrovements in IQ FollowingTreatment with CES.

A 1999 controlled study (n=21) by Susan Southworth, on attention and concentration of normal students found that one session of CES for just 20 minutes improved attention by 31%, whereas the placebo group improved by only 4%.
Conclusion  
There certainly is ample research demonstrating the effectiveness of CES for treating both mood and performance, which may be used as an adjunct to AVE stimulation.

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